Posted by TackleWorld Kawana on


Fishing reel gear ratios can seem confusing at first, but once you get the hang of them, they’re easy to understand. The gear ratio tells you how many times the rotor will spin around the spool with 1 full crank of the handle. So the rotor of a 5.7:1 ratio reel will spin 5.7 turns around the spool from 1 full crank. The lower the ratio, the less rotations, the higher, the more. To simplify it, if you want to fish slow and deep, go low ratio, and if you want to fish fast and on top, pick a higher ratio.


These acronyms – common on many Shimano reels – represent the following:

PG = Power Gearing
HG = High Gearing
XG = Extra-High Gearing

Standard = Some Shimano reels do not feature an acronym. These reels sit in the Standard Gearing segment and can be used as an all-rounder.

Power Gearing (PG) reels are best suited for jigging and deepwater bait fishing where large fish and bottom structure demands plenty of cranking power and torque. A lower gear ratio also requires less strength for the angler to rotate the handle. In Baitcast reels, you may see PG options available. These reels are perfect for anglers who want to retrieve their lures slowly and methodically.


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